"There is a danger of your being generally disliked by your colleagues and subordinates because of your rough, sarcastic and overbearing manner," she warned the prime minister, who was otherwise preoccupied by the prospect of imminent Nazi invasion, a scheming foreign secretary, a restive backbench and the absence of material support from the United States.
"I have noticed a deterioration in your manner, and you are not so kind as you used to be," she continued. "It is for you to give the orders and if they are bungled — except for the King, the Archbishop of Canterbury and the Speaker — you can sack anyone and everyone. Therefore with this terrific power you must combine urbanity, kindness and if possible Olympic calm."
Clementine concluded by citing a French proverb, "One can reign over hearts only by keeping one's composure." Winston got the message and found ways to make amends. As his private secretary, Jock Colville, later recalled, "When he was at No. 10 there was always laughter in the corridors, even in the darkest and most difficult times."
The Battle of Britain was not decided because Churchill chose to behave better. But given his indispensability at the moment of crisis, it might have been lost if he hadn't won the confidence and love of those who made the victory possible.
The subject of bad bosses is again in the news thanks to Amy Klobuchar, U.S. senator, Democratic presidential aspirant, and, as a recent story in the Times made clear, the living antithesis of whatever "Minnesota Nice" is supposed to be. She throws binders at underlings. She makes them wash her dishes. She suspects office moles. She attempts to sabotage the job prospects of those who want to resign. She reproaches her staff with her own self-pity.
Though the senator has her defenders — 61 former staffers signed a public letter supporting her — the essential truth of the Times' story is attested by the fact that for years she has had among the highest rates of staff turnover in the Senate. Klobuchar admits to being "tough" and having "high expectations." But the behavior described by The Times isn't tough. It's horrible.
Daniel Barenboim Seemed Untouchable. Now He's Accused of Bullying. 全球出名指揮家之一 指揮大師巴倫波被指霸凌
文/Alex Marshall and Christ
Daniel Barenboim, one of the world's most celebrated conductors, is known for doing what he wants.
Barenboim, 76, has long been considered untouchable in Berlin, where he is music director of the Staatsoper — the city's premier opera house — and principal conductor for life of its orchestra, the Staatskapelle. He is close to city politicians and has used his influence to ensure the opera company receives a healthy annual subsidy of 50.4 million euros ($57.4 million) from Berlin's government.
But cracks have begun to emerge in the conductor's image as Barenboim has been accused of bullying and humiliating members of the Staatskapelle. The accusations have been reported widely in German media, and there have been calls for politicians to intervene.
The New York Times has communicated with seven former or current members of the Staatskapelle. All highlighted examples of Barenboim's behavior that they said was bullying and went beyond what was normal for a conductor.
Barenboim dismissed the accusations. In an email exchange with The Times, he denied bullying anyone. "Bullying and humiliating someone," he wrote, "implies the intention of wanting to cause someone hurt, of taking pleasure in it, even. This is not in my character."
Highhanded behavior was common in conductors of the last century, with maestros like Arturo Toscanini and Georg Solti known as harsh taskmasters.
"The issue is not personal, but a question of how orchestras are run in the 21st century," Martin Reinhardt, a trombonist in the Copenhagen Philharmonic who played in the Staatskapelle and has openly criticized Barenboim's behavior, said in a statement.
Barenboim said that the accusations were part of a campaign to stop him from continuing as music director of the Staatsoper. "The fact these allegations have surfaced now, just as I am in negotiations about renewing my contract beyond 2022," he wrote in the email exchange, "makes me wonder: If people were indeed hurt, as they claim to have been, why speak about it now, at this precise moment?
Barenboim acknowledged that the world is changing. "That is generally a good thing," he said. But, he added, "an orchestra cannot function if every tempo, every dynamic is put up for a democratic vote. Somebody has to lead, take decisions and be ultimately responsible."